Ethylene glycol is a syrupy liquid at room temperature whereas polyethylene glycol is a solid material. Polyethylene glycol is simply multiple molecules of ethylene glycol linked together into a long strand. Figure 1: Chemical Structure of Ethylene Glycol. Ethylene glycol is a colorless and odorless alcoholic compound having the chemical formula C2H6O2. The IUPAC name of ethylene glycol is ethane-1,2-diol, and its molecular formula is (CH 2 OH) 2. What is the Difference Between Ethylene Glycol and Polyethylene Glycol      – Comparison of Key Differences, Key Terms: Ethylene Glycol, Hydrogen Bonds, Polydispersity, Polyethylene Glycol, Polymerization. PEG is a clear liquid or a water-soluble white solid with a mild odor. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Copyright © 2010-2018 Difference Between. It is a synthetic liquid used to make antifreeze and de-icing solutions for cars, airplanes and boats. Ethylene Glycol: Ethylene glycol is mainly used for the manufacturing of polyester fibers and as an automotive antifreeze. Therefore the final product gives a variety of polymer compounds with different molecular weights. Ethylene glycol and polyethylene glycol are two important members of the glycol family. There are many nasty ingredients out there, but in this post I want to touch on two that I find particularly bad: Propylene Glycol and Polyethylene Glycol. When comparing ethylene and propylene glycol, one characteristic to note are the freeze point properties. The two OH groups lead to extensive intermolecular hydrogen bonding. Ethylene glycol is a simple linear molecule, whereas polyethylene glycol is a polymeric material. What are the freezing points of various aqueous solutions of these chemicals? Answer: The freezing points of these glycol solutions can be found in the tables below: Ethylene Glycol Solution (% by mass) 0: 10: 20: 30: 40: 50: 60: I want to use ethylene glycol or propylene glycol as an anti-freeze. Propylene glycol is a viscous liquid without an odor or a color. Polyethylene glycol/Polyethylene oxide ReadyCal Set Mp ~250 -1′000 000. Both acids and bases can be used as catalysts for this reaction. Etilen glikol ve polietilen glikol, glikol aileinin iki önemli üyeidir. 1. Ethylene Glycol: Ethylene is the main chemical compound that is used to produce ethylene glycol. Her interest areas for writing and research include Biochemistry and Environmental Chemistry. It is an odorless, colorless, sweet-tasting viscous dihydroxy alcohol. What is Ethylene Glycol      – Definition, Properties, Uses 2. Both ethylene glycol and polyethylene glycol are so called “trivial” names that might be misleading in terms of chemical description. It can be either cationic polymerization or anionic polymerization. Ethylene glycol is a syrupy liquid at room temperature whereas polyethylene glycol is a solid material. Kaynaklar: "ETİLLENE GLYCOL" - Açık Kimya Veri Tabanı "Etilen glikol" - Wikipedia "POLİETİLEN GLYCOL" - Teknologi Üniversitesi MARA Görüntü Nezaketinde: "Etilen glikol kimyasal yapısı" (CC BY-SA 3. Both acidic and basic catalysts are used to catalyze this reaction. 1. Polythene Glycol: The reaction between ethylene oxide with water, ethylene glycol or ethylene glycol oligomers produces polyethylene glycol. The main difference between ethylene glycol and polyethylene glycol is that ethylene glycol has a fixed value for molecular weight whereas polyethylene glycol has no fixed value for molecular weight. It is the most commonly available glycol and is commercially produced in large quantities. The most common applications of ethylene glycol include its use as a raw material for the production of polyester fibers and as an automotive antifreeze. “Polyethylene glycol” By Klaus Hoffmeier – Own work, Public Domain) via Commons Wikimedia. It is a viscous liquid. It’s also a component of ballpoint pens and hydraulic brake fluids. It is also completely miscible with water. Polyethylene glycol appears in a … 1 Product Result Ethylene glycol has two carbon atoms, and propylene glycol has three carbon atoms per molecule. Polyethylene glycol is a polyether compound. These organic compounds have important applications depending on the chemical structure of the compound. Otherwise known as PEG and PG, these ingredients are found in your car, in your food, in your pharmaceuticals, and (you guessed it) in your personal care products. This is gradually being replaced by propylene glycol due to its lower toxicity.. C. Ethylene glycol is … To extend this range, other chemicals like ethylene glycol and propylene glycol are added. You see if you ever purchase anti-freeze, or brake fluid for your car, simply turn the container around and read the ingredients. In addition, both of these compounds are commercially very important and used in a number of applications. Depending on its molecular weight, polyethylene glycol may have different appearances. The production of polyethylene glycol can be done form the reaction between ethylene oxide and water, ethylene glycol or ethylene glycol oligomers. Ethylene glycol is poisonous to humans and other animals. Ethylene glycol is a liquid that is odorless, colorless, sweet tasting and is syrupy like. Over a molecular weight of 900, it can be a white waxy solid, flakes or a powder. Polyethylene glycol is, in fact, used in antifreeze because it lowers the freezing temperature of water. But if ethylene glycol or oligomers are used instead of water, it gives the final product with a low polydispersity. The two –OH groups are attached to the adjacent carbon atoms. (organic compound) A thick, colourless liquid, C 2 H 4 (OH) 2, of a sweetish taste, produced artificially from certain ethylene compounds and used as an antifreeze; ethylene glycol. Both Ethylene glycol and Polyethylene glycol are commercially very important and used in a number of applications. The reaction between ethylene glycol and its oligomers is preferable than with water. Both products are two chemical compounds used as some low temperature heat transfer fluids. Perbedaan utama antara etilen glikol dan polietilen glikol adalah struktur kimianya.Etilen glikol adalah molekul linier sederhana, … Ethylene glycol can facilitate convective heat transfer in automobiles and liquid cooled computers. Ethylene Glycol: Ethylene glycol is mainly used in antifreeze formulations and as a raw material in the manufacturing of polyesters such as polyethylene terephthalate (PET) in plastic industry. Given that, applications for ethylene and propylene glycol solutions span a temperature range from -60 to 225°F (-51 to 107°C), depending upon glycol concentration and system type. All rights reserved. Ethylene glycol is moderately toxic if ingested. Ethylene Glycol: The general formula for ethylene glycol is C2H6O2. It is miscible with water. Ethylene Glycol: Ethylene glycol is a diol with the molecular formula (CH2-OH)2. Perbedaan Utama - Ethylene Glycol vs Polyethylene Glycol Etilen glikol dan polietilen glikol adalah dua anggota penting dari keluarga glikol. Below a molecular weight of 700, it is an opaque liquid. PEG 1450 melts at 1100 F to 1150 F and absorbs into wood more slowly due to the higher molecular weight. Polythene Glycol: Polythene glycol possesses a low toxicity and therefore it is used as a lubricating coating for both aqueous and non-aqueous environments. Polyethylene glycol (PEG; / ˌ p ɒ l i ˈ ɛ θ əl ˌ iː n ˈ ɡ l aɪ ˌ k ɒ l,-ˌ k ɔː l /) is a polyether compound derived from petroleum with many applications, from industrial manufacturing to medicine.PEG is also known as polyethylene oxide (PEO) or polyoxyethylene (POE), depending on its molecular weight.The structure of PEG is commonly expressed as H−(O−CH 2 −CH 2) n −OH. Propylene Glocol Vs Ethylene Glycol. At molecular weights between 700 and 900, polyethylene glycol is a semisolid. The main difference between ethylene glycol and polyethylene glycol is that ethylene glycol has a fixed value for molecular weight whereas polyethylene glycol has no fixed value for molecular weight. Polythene Glycol: The molecular formula of PEG is (C2H4O)n+1H2O and its structural formula is expressed as below. Asia holds a prominent share in the global market production of MEG Ethylene Glycol และ Polyethylene Glycol มีความแตกต่างกันอย่างไร? Ethylene Glycol: Ethylene glycol is a colorless and odorless alcoholic compound having the chemical formula C2H6O2. For ethylene glycol, the mixing ratios are typically 30/70 and 35/65, whereas the propylene glycol mixing ratios are typically 35/65 and 40/60. Difference Between Hydrogenation and Hydrogenolysis, What is the Difference Between Confidence and Cocky, What is the Difference Between Silk and Satin, What is the Difference Between Betting and Gambling, What is the Difference Between Mojito and Caprioska, What is the Difference Between Aromatherapy and Swedish Massage, What is the Difference Between Lyocell and Viscose. Polyethylene Glycol: Polyethylene glycol has many uses including medical uses, chemical uses, biological uses, industrial uses, etc. Glycol. Its molar mass is 62.07 g mol1. OmniPur Polyethylene Glycol 8,000 - CAS 25322-68-3 - Calbiochem 1 Product Result | Match Criteria: Product Name This reaction needs an acidic or basic catalyst. Therefore, it is more preferable. What is Polyethylene Glycol      – Definition, Production, Uses 3. Difference Between Ethylene Glycol and Polyethylene Glycol, What is the Difference Between Ethylene Glycol and Polyethylene Glycol, What is the Difference Between Tannin and Tannic Acid. Propyelene glycol is miscible with water as well as with chloroform and acetone. In addition, the reaction occurs at neutral pH under elevated temperatures too. Polyethylene glycol is a polyether composed of repeated ethylene glycol units [-(CH 2 CH 2 O) n]. In addition, both of these compounds are commercially very important and used in a number of applications. It is an organic compound which can be used as a raw material to  manufacture polyester fibers and antifreeze formulations. HOCH2CH2OH + n(CH2CH2O) → HO(CH2CH2O)n+1H. The main difference between ethylene glycol and propylene glycol is that ethylene glycol is toxic whereas propylene glycol is moderately toxic. It has a faint sweet taste. Ethylene glycol is the main ingredient in many antifreeze mixtures for automobile radiators. Madhusha is a BSc (Hons) graduate in the field of Biological Sciences and is currently pursuing for her Masters in Industrial and Environmental Chemistry. Compare the Difference Between Similar Terms. The world MEG production capacity for the year 2016 was 34.8 million tons. Although they have nearly similar names, polyethylene glycol and ethylene glycol are very different compounds depending on their chemical structures and general properties. Polyethylene glycol (PEG) is soluble in water, non-flammable and non-toxic and is a waxy white substance that is solid at room temperature. Ethylene glycol or propylene glycol, for freeze protection; Water is nature’s heat transfer fluid, a liquid used for centuries to provide heating and cooling. Wade, Leroy G. “Ethylene glycol.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, inc., 2 Dec. 2011, Available here.2. Figure 2: Molecular Formula of Polyethylene Glycol. However, it is a moderately toxic compound. * ethylene glycol * ethylene oxide * ethylene-vinyl acetate * polyethylene * polyethylene terephthalate (ester) ethanol . Difference Between Ethylene and Propylene Glycol, Difference Between Electrophoresis and Electroosmosis, Difference Between Disaccharide and Monosaccharide, Difference Between Alkalosis and Acidosis, Compare Ethylene Glycol and Polyethylene Glycol, Ethylene Glycol and Polyethylene Glycol Differences, Difference Between Coronavirus and Cold Symptoms, Difference Between Coronavirus and Influenza, Difference Between Coronavirus and Covid 19, Difference Between Sound Editing and Sound Mixing, Difference Between Balanced and Unbalanced, Difference Between Sarcolemma and Sarcoplasmic Reticulum, Difference Between Cachexia and Sarcopenia, Difference Between Random Orientation and Independent Assortment, Difference Between Leeches and Bloodsuckers, Difference Between Multifactorial and Polygenic Traits, Difference Between Terminal and Respiratory Bronchioles. The boiling point of this liquid is about 198 °C. Polyethylene glycol has many uses including medical uses, chemical uses, biological uses, industrial uses, etc. It is also used in chilled water air conditioning systems. PEG is the base for many skin creams and personal lubricants. An automotive antifreeze is a liquid used in the radiator and cooling system of an internal combustion engine for vehicles. It is important that the … This results in a high boiling point—198°C; thus ethylene glycol does not boil away when it is used as an antifreeze. The type of polymerization depends on the type of catalyst. However, there are industries that like more a particular glycol than the other one. Although both propylene glycol and ethylene glycol have a large number of applications across a variety of industries and uses including cosmetics and preservatives (propylene glycol) and within the manufacture of resins, inks and polyethylene terephthalate (ethylene glycol) both have a common use within antifreeze and coolant mixes. It is also known as polyethylene oxide (PEO) or polyoxyethylene (POE), depending on its molecular weight. For example, it is used as an excipient in many pharmaceutical products. @media (max-width: 1171px) { .sidead300 { margin-left: -20px; } } At room temperature and pressure, ethylene glycol is a syrupy liquid. It produces ethylene glycol when processed. Filed Under: Chemistry Tagged With: Compare Ethylene Glycol and Polyethylene Glycol, Ethylene Glycol, Ethylene Glycol and Polyethylene Glycol Differences, Ethylene Glycol Features, Ethylene Glycol Properties, Ethylene Glycol vs Polyethylene Glycol, PEG, PEO, POE, Polyethylene Glycol, Polyethylene Glycol Features, Polyethylene Glycol Properties, polyethylene oxide, polyethylene oxide (PEO), polyoxyethylene, polyoxyethylene (POE). B. Propylene glycol is metabolized to more toxic compounds. Polyethylene Glycol: Polyethylene glycol is produced from the reaction between ethylene oxide and water, ethylene glycol or ethylene glycol oligomers. Polyethylene Glycol: The general formula for polyethylene glycol is H−(O−CH2−CH2)n−OH. Compare MiraLAX vs Polyethylene Glycol 3350 head-to-head with other drugs for uses, ratings, cost, side effects and interactions. A high yield (90%) can be obtained when the reaction occurs at acidic or neutral pH, in the presence of excess amount of water. “Ethylene glycol” By Sander de Jong – Own work (Public Domain) via Commons Wikimedia2. PEG comes in either flake form or solid blocks and two molecular weights: 1450 and 1000. When water is used for the reaction with ethylene oxide, the final product has a high polydispersity (the product has a high molecular weight distribution). Its molar mass is 76.09 g/mol. During this process, ethylene oxide is produced as an intermediate, and it then reacts with water to produce ethylene glycol. The key difference between ethylene glycol and polyethylene glycol is their chemical structure. Both of them possess low vapor pressure, also they contain high boiling points and the ability to lower the freeze point of water. 1. Boiling point of propylene glycol is 188.2 °C. 20. The molar mass of this compound is about 62.07 g/mol. Hence, ethylene glycol is miscible with water. Polyethylene Oxide should not be called Polyethylene Glycol. What is Ethylene Glycol? Ethylene glycol is referred to as a simple linear molecule, while, polyethylene glycol is referred to as a polymeric material. Ethylene glycol is a sweet tasting syrupy liquid. It freezes at 32°F and boils at 212°F. Etilen glikol ve polietilen glikol araındaki temel fark, kimyaal yapılarıdır.Etilen glikol bait bir doğrual molekü Noun ()(organic chemistry) Any aliphatic diol. Etilen glikol ve polietilen glikol araındaki temel fark, etilen glikol için abit bir moleküler ağırlık değerinin bulunmamaıdır, oya polietilen glikol için abit bir molekül ağırlık değerinin olmamaıdır..Hem etilen glikol hem de polietilen glikol hemen hemen benzer adlara ahip ola da, genel özellikleri ve kimyaal yapıları nedeniyle birbirlerinden farklı bileşiklerdir. Therefore, this molecule is capable of forming hydrogen bonds with water molecules. In contrast to ethylene glycol, propylene glycol rarely causes toxic effects. Its’ structure is commonly written as H−(O−CH2−CH2)n−OH. The polymerization mechanism can be cationic or anionic polymerization depending on the type of catalyst. Both these compounds are miscible with water due to the presence of –OH groups. It is used in a number of toothpaste as a dispersant and as an anti-foaming agent in food industrial applications. The IUPAC name of ethylene glycol is ethane-1,2-diol, and its molecular formula is (CH2OH)2. In addition, suspension polymerization can also be used. Polyethylene glycol (PEG) is a polymeric compound, and it is used in a wide range of areas such as chemical, biological, medical, industrial and commercial applications. Ethylene glycol is toxic to humans and animals. It has many industrial applications; it is used as an antifreeze coolant in hydraulic fluids and in the manufacturing of low-freezing dynamites and resins. Given that, applications for ethylene and propylene glycol solutions span a temperature range from -60 to 225°F (-51 to 107°C), depending upon glycol concentration and system type. Some of you who work on cars may have heard of the compound before. Ang pangunahing pagkakaiba a pagitan ng ethylene glycol at polyethylene glycol ay mayroong iang nakapirming halaga ng molekular na timbang para a etilena glycol amantalang walang nakapirming halaga ng molekular na timbang para a polyethylene glycol.Bagaman ang parehong etylene glycol at ang polyethylene glycol ay may halo magkaparehong mga pangalan, magkakaiba ila ng mga compound … The general formula of this compound is given as H−(O−CH2−CH2)n−OH. Polyethylene glycol is a polyether compound, meaning that it consists of multiple ether groups. Ethylene glycol is an alcoholic compound. Polyethylene glycol is a polyether compound. MiraLAX rated 7.5/10 vs Polyethylene Glycol … Terms of Use and Privacy Policy: Legal. English (wikipedia ethanol) Noun (en-noun) (organic compound) A simple aliphatic alcohol formally derived from ethane by replacing one hydrogen atom … Ethylene glycol has a fixed value of molecular weight which is about 62.07 g/mol, on the flip side, polyethylene glycol has no fixed value of molecular weight which in turn depends on value of “n” in its general formula. Ethylene Glycol: The molecular weight of ethylene glycol is about 62.07 g/mol. It is also used as a polar stationary phase in gas chromatography and as a heat transfer fluid in electronic testers. The length of the polymer chain depends on the ratio of reactants. Mono-Ethylene Glycol Production Capacity by Region. Ethylene Glycol: Ethylene glycol is produced from the reaction between ethylene oxide and water. The molecular weight of the compound varies depending on the value of “n” in this general formula. Glycol is better known as ethylene glycol 2. Even the electronic cigarettes that DO utilize polyethylene glycol (PEG) come nowhere near this mark. The main difference between ethylene glycol and polyethylene glycol is that ethylene glycol has a fixed value for molecular weight whereas polyethylene glycol has no fixed value for molecular weight. “ETHYLENE GLYCOL.” National Center for Biotechnology Information. Ethylene Glycol has been known to be lethal in doses as low as 786 mg/kg. Ethylene glycol is composed of two –OH groups in its structure. This is mainly because A. Absorption of propylene glycol from the gastrointestinal tract is slow. Ethylene glycol has a melting point of 197.3 °C. Polyethylene Glycol: The molecular weight of polyethylene glycol depends on the value of “n” in its general formula. However, anionic polymerization gives a low polydispersity. Propylene glycol is a single molecule with 3 carbons and 2 OH groups: this means it is a double alcohol, but is not toxic to humans. Home » Science » Chemistry » Organic Chemistry » Difference Between Ethylene Glycol and Polyethylene Glycol. When comparing ethylene and propylene glycol, one characteristic to note are the freeze point properties. Ethylene glycol solutions became available in 1926 and were marketed as “permanent antifreeze” since the higher boiling points provided advantages for summertime use as well as during cold weather. Ethylene glycol is a simple linear molecule, whereas polyethylene glycol is a polymeric material. PubChem Compound Database, U.S. National Library of Medicine, Available here. Polyethylene Glycol: Polyethylene glycol is a polyether compound, meaning that it has many ether groups. The global production was dominated by Asian countries which accounted for 15.1 million tons from the total production. Water due to the presence of –OH groups ) come nowhere near this mark ” National for. 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Toothpaste as a heat transfer fluids brake fluids glycol are added, properties, 2... 2 O ) n ] Asian countries which accounted for 15.1 million tons ethylene glycol vs polyethylene glycol more... Accounted for 15.1 million tons from the reaction between ethylene glycol is a semisolid water to produce ethylene glycol the. Different appearances penting dari keluarga glikol its oligomers is preferable than with as! Produces polyethylene glycol ( peg ) come nowhere near this mark ethylene glycol vs polyethylene glycol blocks and two molecular weights chloroform and.! Causes toxic effects compound that is used to produce ethylene glycol has two carbon atoms, and structural... Or solid blocks and two molecular weights: 1450 and 1000 glycol ( peg ) come nowhere near this.. Of polymer compounds with different molecular weights formula C2H6O2 coating for both aqueous and environments... Countries which accounted for 15.1 million tons from the total production adjacent carbon per...