Start by measuring the full length of your deck (outside of bearer to outside of bearer) and then subtract the thickness of one of the floor joists. Hammer a nail in at the end of the first joist and another to the wall-plate. Use the nail gun to temporarily attach the wall-plate to the wall. Garden flooring tips for every lifestyle 1.4 Bearers and Joists Bearers and joists come in a variety of stress grades, timber types and sizes and their availability will vary from one region to the next. Concrete ‘Quick-set’. step kit is an easy way to add outdoor steps on and off your raised deck or porch. A D.I.Y. This calculator uses standard 2 x 6 pressure treated lumber for decking available at most hardware stores. Use the nail gun to secure the timber between every second joist. Line up the wall-plate with the lines marked on the wall from your profile piece of timber. Planning to build a deck Decking Before you can build a deck, it’s important to do the groundwork. Hyne Timber Design 7.5 includes the engineering properties and span tables for Hyne Timber, Wesbeam, Tilling, Carter Holt Harvey and Louisiana Pacific products. Installing the joists for your decking is an important step in the project. You can make the most of your outdoors and add real value to your home with a deck. H3 SUPALAM F17 SUB-DECK Telephone 03 5139 7001 Facsimile 03 5139 7003 Email sales@vicash.com.au www.vicash.com.au There’s no point investing in a high quality deck if the sub-deck isn’t up for the job! Costing is generally more than all of the wood alternatives. Installing the joists for your decking is an important step in the project. Boxspan decks and verandahs can be constructed like an upper floor (in-plane joists & bearers) or a ground floor system (joists over bearers). (Span tables on reverse side) Now you’re ready to secure all the joists to the bearers. We’ll show you how to sink the stumps and attach the bearers for your foundation. When you’ve finished attaching the joists, measure the distance between them. Using the wall as a guide to keep the first joist straight, use the nail gun to secure the first joist at the end of the bearer near the wall. Making sure the bearer is level, mark its height on the support post. Plan ahead - Research online & make a list, Shop Smart - Download our product finder app to minimise time spent in store. We’ll take you through all the stages involved in getting ready to build a deck. We’ll take you through the steps involved in laying merbau decking. How to build outdoor steps Previous Video How to lay decking How to install joists for a deck Customers can shop with us in-store or online with our Click & Deliver or Drive & Collect services. Where heavier decking systems are used such as tiles over fibre cement, specific design is … But you can send us an email and we'll get back to you, asap. An outdoor decking is the perfect place for entertaining, so it’s important that you install it safely and securely. The joist set out calculator will give you even measurements for your joists, ensuring the screw lines in your deck are neat and evenly spaced. Enter your preferred bearer spacing, (distance between the bearers) and preferred bearer span (distance between stumps along the bearer) and Quick Decks will give you even measurements for your stump and bearer set out, based on the length and width of your deck. To install an outdoor deck, you’ll need a solid foundation. Good preparation is the secret to any successful D.I.Y. How to build a pergola roof For best results, refer to our wood and composite deck joist … We’ll show you how to measure and run string lines to mark the height of your deck and position of your stumps. The actual footing size depends on the bearer and joist spans. Secure the decking boards to the joists parallel with the bearers, spacing hardwood boards 3mm apart and staggering the joints so adjacent boards don’t finish on the same joist. Enter the width and length of the deck and receive the diagonal measurement to the exact mm. 4. Either way, Quick decks has the answers when it comes to taking the ‘brainwork’ out of the building and estimating process. For higher loads refer to the Application Guide for Non-domestic Decks, Board Walks and Light Traffic Structures (as referenced at the end of this document). We’ll take you through all the stages involved in getting ready to build a deck. • Set out calculators from the bearers through to the decking Against the house wall measure this thickness down from the intended floor height of the deck. project. In typical deck construction, with a ledger on one side of the joist and beam on the other, the size of the joists is driven by the size of the deck and based on the general maximum spans mentioned above. You can add some extra shade to your pergola area by putting on a roof. Installing decking posts Part 4 On the timber you are using as your wall-plate, measure and mark out the length of a bearer. Before you can build a deck, it’s important to do the groundwork. A D.I.Y. Decking Installing the joists for your decking is an important step in the project. We’ll take you through the steps involved in laying merbau decking. Table assumes a maximum flooring mass of 40kg/m2. To do this, just repeat Steps 10 and 11 and work your way along the bearers. number of joist based on spacing; the length of the joist; deck joist needed in lineal feet (in addition to the result for 1 it adds 2 joist for doubling the end ones plus a ledger and rim board in the lineal foot count) the lineal feet of the beam material; the number of boards for the decking The absolute minimum footing size is 200x200x200 concrete with the pile bedded so there is 100mm of concrete beneath it. joists will increase the service life of the joist, refer Figure 2. After you’ve installed bearers and stumps for a decking, you need to attach joists. We’ll take you through all the stages involved in getting ready to build a deck. Note: Length is the bearer direction.Width is the joist direction. We continue to follow government advice and thank our amazing team for all their hard work helping our customers. You can add some extra shade to your pergola area by putting on a roof. Then use the circular saw to cut the wall-plate to size. Secure the joist into every bearer, on both sides of the joist where possible. We’ll show you how to measure and run string lines to mark the height of your deck and position of your stumps. Enter cost per linear metre and wastage % for Stumps, Bearers, Joists and Boards to Calculate individual and Total Costs. Run a string line between these two nails. Give your deck a facelift and extend its life with a new coat of decking stain. After you’ve installed bearers and stumps for a decking, you need to attach joists. You may be a handyman building your first deck, or a seasoned builder that appreciates the best way to complete the task. Linear metres and cost are auto updated when the deck is re-calculated, with individual costs … We’ll show you how to install the joists that will form a strong foundation for your deck. Decking Your deck is now ready to be laid. The deck board set out calculator provides you with a set out list for the deck boards and easy to follow instructions for that perfect finish. timber ledger to the brickwork using dyna bolts at 450mm intervals. Joists crippled over supports shall be considered as single span joists. How to lay decking. Joist Span Calculator For help, simply click on the beside the section you need help with, Or watch this Tutorial Video. How to stain a deck Today we are going to look at building the subframe of the deck which can be broadly split into three sections – the ledger board, joists and bearers, and the decking posts and/or stirrups. Use the nail gun to secure the second joist on each bearer, on both sides of the joist. We’ll show you how to install crosspiece shade battens on your pergola. We’re spoilt for choice with outdoor flooring. If your house is brick then connect a 140 x 45mm F.7. project. Joist Size Depth x Breadth (mm) Note: 1. The allowable cantilevers are only applicable to floor loads. Then use the cordless drill and batten screws to firmly secure the wall-plate to the wall. We're not around right now. |. Then divide this measurement by the maximum floor joist spacing that is mentioned on your drawings. Good preparation is the secret to any successful D.I.Y. 3 of 5 – How to install bearers and stumps for a deck, Part 5 These will form the strong foundation for your deck. Use these tips to turn a scrappy garden into an asset. : P1 : Stump QTY Guide : Panel Mark: Length (in metres) 12.0m Max. Use the first joist as your guide and measure and mark on the bearer the required distance to where the next joist will go. Part 3 Joist to Bearer = 76. Deck Board to Joist = 817. Use the nail gun to secure the bearer to the support post. The joist set out calculator will give you even measurements for your joists, ensuring the screw lines in your deck are neat and evenly spaced. Give your deck a facelift and extend its life with a new coat of decking stain. The formula looks like this: also available for the Android OS. Please enable JavaScript to enhance your experience on the Bunnings site. Mark every bearer so your second joist will be lined up with the first joist. It is strong enough only for decking and trim boards. Place another support post on the other side of the bearer and secure it with the nail gun. We’ll show you how to do it in a few easy steps. Span Calculator for Wood Joists and Rafters also available for the Android OS. To install an outdoor deck, you’ll need a solid foundation. Step 1: Deck Panel sizes * Enter your panel sizes and number of each below. The requirement for a deck is that the piles must extend to "Good Ground", then tries to explain what good ground is (it is fairly complicated!). Composite decking is cut, drilled, and installed just like timber, composite decking isn’t meant for structural components such as bearers and joists. Most naturally high durable timbers are prone to movement and need superior nail holding bearers and joists. Can you never remember that pi something, equation when working out how much concrete you need? You can make the most of your outdoors and add real value to your home with a deck. Your list of materials required is below. Remember to complete all calculations using millimetres. • Concrete quantities for your stump holes Please bring this list into your nearest Bunnings Warehouse and they’ll help you select your materials. This will make sure the joist is straight when you attach it. 2 Building Code and standards ANY DECK OR BALCONY 1.5 M OR MORE ABOVE CLEARED GROUND LEVEL REQUIRES From the warmth of classic timber to the cottagey charm of gravel, there’s a plethora of options to suit every space and lifestyle. How to set out a deck We’ll show you how to do it in a few easy steps. We use cookies to offer a better browsing experience. BEARER & JOIST SELECTION Issues to consider when selecting bearers and joists from Tables 1 and 2 are: • Bearer and joist sizes are based on a maximum deck mass of 20 kg/m2. Bearers can either … It also assumes floor joists are 16 inches apart and 6 x 6 footers (stumps) are 8 feet apart and the deck is ground level. This will provide your decking with extra support. Decking Decking space (m) between stumps (centre to centre) No. Lumber Species Southern Pine Douglas Fir Douglas Fir-Larch Hemlock-Fir Spruce-Pine-Fir Redwood Western Cedar Ponderosa Pine Red Pine Cantilevers shall not exceed 50% of the actual backspan. The following requirements for timber framing of a deck are based on the Australian Standard AS 1684 Residential Timber-framed Construction. Avoid shopping in groups, Physical Distancing - Maintain 1.5m between yourself & others. of stumps * per single bearer only. How to install bearers and stumps for a deck At one end of the wall-plate, you’ll need to make a check-out so it will sit flush on top of the brickwork. posts supporting roof to be continuous to the ground or be positioned directly over deck supports) and are suitable for a maximum decking mass of 20 kg/m2. • sizes, spans and fixings of bearers, joists and decking • barrier details and calculations • stair details (if relevant). Even if a building consent is not required, construction must still comply with New Zealand Building Code requirements. Position the joists perpendicular to the bearers, on top of the bearers or in line with them, securing with framing anchors no more than 450mm apart. Please enable JavaScript in your browser settings to enhance your experience. Use these tips to turn a scrappy garden into an asset. 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