It can be used in pots or as ground cover, and it thrives in full sun with moderate water. Introduced, Invasive, and Noxious Plants : Threatened & Endangered: Wetland Indicator Status : 50,000+ Plant Images ... Tradescantia virginiana L. – Virginia spiderwort Subordinate Taxa. It is in flower from June to October, and the seeds ripen from August to October. Medium-sized forb (40 cm) of dry open forests; leaves lanceolate with swollen clasping bases; flowers purple, clustered at the top of the stem, borne singly on hairy, dropping stalks; sepals green with dense non-glandular hairs. Key Characteristics. Description. This plant has no children Legal Status. Rain washes chemicals and fertilizers into our streams, rivers and, ultimately, the Chesapeake Bay. Violet-blue to purple, three-petaled flowers (.75-1.5" diameter) accented by contrasting yellow stamens open up, a few at a time, each for only one day, from terminal clusters (umbels) containing numerous flower buds. There are dozens of plants that share a close relation to the spiderwort, including The Wandering Jew plant. non L. The Plants Database includes the following 33 species of Tradescantia . However some photographs are copyrighted and permission from the photographer may be required. Other names for this species include white spider weed, small-leaf spiderwort, or river spiderwort. Tradescantia virginiana (Spiderwort) Tried and True Native Plant Selections for the Mid-Atlantic This showy native, whose genus name honors naturalist John Tradescant, grows in scattered pockets throughout the eastern half of the United States. Tradescantia virginiana, Virginia Spiderwort. Regions: Coastal Plain, Mountain, Piedmont, Sun Exposure: Full Sun, Partial Sun, Shade, Habitat: wooded slopes, shale outcrops, moist fields, roadsides. Tradescantia virginiana is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.4 m (1ft 4in) at a medium rate. As the petals fade, they become almost translucent, giving them t… The plants spread by underground stolons forming clumps and grow 2-3 feet tall by 1 foot wide. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. T. virginiana, a Southern classic, is also known as spiderwort. Tradescantia / ˌ t r æ d ɪ ˈ s k æ n t i ə / is a genus of 75 species of herbaceous perennial wildflowers in the family Commelinaceae, native to the New World from southern Canada to northern Argentina, including the West Indies.Members of the genus are known by the common names spiderwort or Indian paint. Tradescantia virginiana hort. Violet-blue to purple, three-petaled flowers (.75-1.5" diameter) accented by contrasting yellow stamens open up, a few at a time, each for only one day, from terminal clusters (umbels) containing numerous flower buds. Tradescantia ernestiana, sometimes commonly called woodland spiderwort, is a clump-forming perennial that is native to Missouri, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Mississippi, Alabama and Georgia. I found a massive wild population down under a local river bridge that covers several acres, and I've found just about every color you can imagine growing there. Virginia Spiderwort is a herbaceous clump-forming perennial in the dayflower family that is native to the eastern and central USA and is found in the Piedmont of NC. Stems are smooth or bear scattered short hairs. This also saves time and money. Description. Tradescantia is considered a Category I exotic invasive by the Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council. Threat status Europe: Not evaluated (IUCN) The EUNIS species component has very limited information about this species. PHYSIOGRAPHIC REGIONS OF CHESAPEAKE WATERSHED, Native Plant Nurseries in the Chesapeake Bay Watershed, U.S. One of the easiest ways for us to reduce our pollution contribution to the Chesapeake Bay is to replace some of our lawn and typical landscapes with native plants. Fish and Wildlife Service Chesapeake Bay Field Office, United States Department of Agriculture Plant Database. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. The plant is not self-fertile. Compared to look-alike species, Tradescantia virginiana has narrower blades, smoother sepals and no glaucous leaf and stem surfaces. Interestingly, some Noted for its luminous chartreuse foliage, Tradescantia 'Sweet Kate' (Spider Lily) is a compact clump-forming perennial with narrowly lance-shaped bright golden-yellow leaves. Young shoots are susceptible to snail damage. It sometimes escapes but I like the way it goes on and on for weeks while other flowers are not up yet. In 1637 his son brought a Spiderwot plant back to England from North America where it became a favorite.Virginiana indicates that it is from Virginia. Wetland Status. Once in our waterways, these pollutants fuel the growth of excess algae, which clouds the water and threatens the health of fish, crabs and the entire Chesapeake Bay. Cultivars in this group are sometimes given the hybrid name designation Tradescantia x andersoniana . Tradescantia virginiana was named in honour of a gardener to the King of England - John Tradescant. Flowers bloom in succession from late May into early July. Native plants also provide food and cover for local wildlife like butterflies, birds, frogs, turtle and small mammals. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). Close-up of flowers on Sweet Kate. The common spiderwort plant is part of the Tradescantia genus. Tradescantia virginiana. This perennial, similar in look but not related to common spiderwort (Tradescantia spp. From late spring to midsummer, the foliage is topped by small clusters of three-petaled, violet-blue to purple flowers, up to 2 in. Rain washes chemicals and fertilizers into our streams, rivers and, ultimately, the Chesapeake Bay. It’s also known as wandering gypsy plant, wandering trad, wandering willie, or inch plant. (cult.) Spiderwort gets its name because the fluid that seeps from cut stems dries to look like a spider web. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3810 plants and 23,676 images. In Missouri it is typically found in moist woodland valleys, ravines and slopes in … Dr. Koichi Goka Invasive Species Research Team, Environmental Risk Research Center, National Institute for Environmental Studies, Japan 16-2, Onogawa, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8506, Japan Replace “(at)” with “@”. * Annapolis, MD 21401. WHY NATIVES. Bloom color varies from purple-blues to rose red to, rarely, white. Alternate, lanceolate shaped leaves have parallel veins that are either green or tinged with purple. Bloom Description: Blue to violet-blue, rarely rose or white, Tolerate: Clay Soil, Wet Soil, Black Walnut. The name Tradescantia commemorates one of the most famous father and son teams in botany John Tradescant, Sr. (died 1638), who travelled to north Russia in 1618 and Algiers in 1620, and John Tradescant, Jr. (1608-1662), who travelled in Virginia in 1654. Tradescantia is a creeping, succulent, multi-branching perennial herb that can form a dense ground cover and root freely at nodes. Annapolis, Maryland 21403, 177 Admiral Cochrane Drive With dark bluish-purple being the most common, white and/or white varigated with blue is the rarest. Further reading. Virginia spiderwort, Tradescantia virginiana, is a perennial native to the deciduous forests of the eastern United States. across (5 cm), adorned with showy yellow stamens. 501 Sixth Street Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. T. ohiensis has glabrous flower stalks and sepals and waxy glaucous stems & leaves. Also grown in the garden is the common spiderwort, or widow’s tears (T. virginiana), an upright juicy-stemmed plant with white to pink or purple flowers. Spiderwort, Tradescantia virginiana, a spring-blooming flower with long, strappy leaves, is a very hardy North American native perennial that is widely grown for its weeks-long bloom period. Wildflower of the Year 2008 Virginia Spiderwort Tradescantia virginiana Spiderwort is an herbaceous perennial that arises from a cluster of rather stout overwintering roots. Most photographs may be used for educational purposes only. Tradescantia virginiana, or Virginia spiderwort, was the first Tradescantia species described. small-leaf spiderwort Small-leaf spiderwort ( Tradescantia fluminensis ). For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented. Divide clumps when crowded. There are approximately 70 species of this perennial plant, with the Virginia variety being one of the most common. Spiderwort is a tall, graceful, beautiful flower with purple petals that open in the sunshine and close as evening descends. It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. The spiderwort is one of an estimated 71-species in the family. Spiderwort is a common wild plant that is also cultivated in gardens in many countries. Brickell C 2016. To find out if a photograph requires permission contact here. Sun or shade; regular to ample water. A Missouri native plant that is commonly found on open wooded slopes and moist shaded bluff ledges in the eastern part of the State.Genus name honors John Tradescant (1570-1638) and his son John Tradescant (1608-1662), botanists and successive gardeners to Charles I of England.Specific epithet means of Virginia.When the stems of spiderworts are cut, a viscous stem secretion is released which becomes threadlike and silky upon hardening (like a spider's web), hence the common name. Named garden selections offer flowers in white, blue shades, lavender, purple, shades of pink from pale to near-red; these plants are often sold as Tradescantia x andersoniana or as members of the Andersonia Group. Tradescantia virginiana was recognized as the Virginia Native Plant Society’s 2008 Wildflower of the Year. T. spathacea (Rhoeo spathacea) has sword-shaped purple-and-green foliage. Used as a ground cover, but can be invasive. Good in pots or hanging containers. Tradescantia pallida ‘Variegata' produces striped pink-and-red foliage. Tradescantia virginiana is a clump-forming herbaceous perennial which grows up to 3' tall. Tradescantia species that are now regarded as invasive weeds, include Tradescantia zebrina (inch plant), Tradescantia spathacea (boat lily), Tradescantia pallida (purple queen) and Tradescantia fluminensis (small-leaved spiderwort). To support our efforts please browse our store (books with medicinal info, etc.). (cult.) Its alternate name is tradescantia albiflora, although that name has fallen out of use. No serious insect or disease problems. Key Characteristics. Arching, iris-like, dark green leaves up to 1' long and 1 inch wide are folded lengthwise forming a groove. By picking native plants that suit local conditions, you can reduce or eliminate the need for fertilizers, pesticides and watering. Spiderwort has a kind of messy, grass-like form punctuated with quarter-sized flowers that last only one day. May self-sow and become somewhat invasive. Luckily each plant produces many of them, in leisurely succession. This American hybrid selection has beautiful narrow foliage in a unique steel-blue shade, forming a compact mound that is studded with a summer-long display of … You can find native plants with the same shape, color, size or other characteristics as some of your favorite non-native plants to create attractive and more natural landscapes right in your own yard. Stems may be solitary or more commonly clumped, and usually grow unbranched, reaching heights up to 40 cm tall. Tradescantia virginiana belongs to the Flowering Plants group. Prev Next Pause Resume. Flowers bloom all summer. Tradescantia virginiana (Virginia Spiderwort) is a vigorous, clump-forming herbaceous perennial with long, erect or arching, bright-green, narrow leaves. John Jr. … Flowers bloom all summer. The anther tapetum inTradescantia virginiana L. is of the invasive plasmodial type: the cells lose their walls during early spore meiosis and develop long invasion processes which invade the loculus to penetrate spaces between the sporogenous cells. The name 'wort' was generally given to a plant that was used for medicinal purposes. It is easy to grow. A tough spiderwort for shady areas, blooming late spring into early summer with bright clusters of flowers held above slender stems. Tradescantia is not overly particular about soil quality, nor does it require watering once established. Once in our waterways, these pollutants fuel the growth of excess algae, which clouds the water and threatens the health of fish, crabs and the entire Chesapeake Bay. It can be invasive, but I don't mind! Foliage sprawls in an unattractive manner by mid-summer. An interesting and long-blooming perennial for native plant gardens, woodland or shade gardens, wild gardens or naturalized areas. 2. Alternate, lanceolate shaped leaves have parallel veins that are either green or tinged with purple. Native plants have occurred in our region for hundreds of years and are accustomed to local sun, soil, and climate. Tradescantia virginiana is a clump-forming herbaceous perennial which grows up to 3' tall. – A rare garden escape (most frequently a mere garden throw-out rather than an escape), found on dumps, by road verges,… First documented from wasteland in Charleroi in 1946 but surely neglected or overlooked for quite some time. Leaves are 2—5 per… In some regions, the sale of these species is banned. Also can be grown in borders, but mid-summer foliage decline is a potential disincentive for this placement. Nurseries in the family into early July, U.S soil quality, nor does it watering!, is a potential disincentive for this species include white spider weed, spiderwort... 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